Jirō Yoshihara

American-style Painting and Gutai Group

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The Greenberg’s “American-style painting” compares the 1950s painting from New York, America, and Paris, France.  The view of Greenberg was characterized by a matter of visual response rather infusing theories and knowledge. Greenberg characterizes “American-style painting” in a contextual perspective represented in art discourses to remain plentiful and synthetic painting even though dry and pointless in the formalist analysis. The writing relates to the European modernists painting on its clarity, but the school of Paris gave Greenberg an unmatched creditability since the modern art has some aesthetic value. Greenberg tried to evaluate his ancient writings with the aesthetic modern art. The two skills cannot compare because modern writing requires an aesthetic value that Greenberg did not include in his writings.

Gutai art manifesto (Jirō Yoshihara)

Jirō Yoshihara

Jirō Yoshihara

In the consciousness of today, the art of the past seems fraudulent as the whole art presents an alluring appearance. The Gutai artists rejected the piled hoaxes in the drawing rooms, the antique shops, on the altars and in the palaces that were made of matter to assume appearance other than their own fraudulently. Gutai artists proposed the introduction of Art Informel that they found to be, a quite interesting alternative artistic approach. This manifesto and Gutai’s priorities relate to other movements in various ways. In the past, some monsters made matter such as paint of cloth, earth, marble, and metals. The arts assumed their appearance by signifying humans through the magic of materials. The primitive arts convey a feeling of life since the art movement use paint without distorting it or killing it. Gutai’s art does also not distort or alter matter but imparts life to matter. The manifesto advocates for the creation of new autonomous space that deserves the name art, by opening an opportunity departing from illusionistic and naturalistic art.

 

African Impact in Modern Culture and Art

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Archaeologists points out the fact that Africa is the cradle land of human kind, and so it follows with the origin of culture, music, and other forms of art. African culture that immensely influences its artistic composition has over the decades been exported to other continents due to the slave trade during the dark ages. Historically Africa is accredited as the mother of arithmetic, and the art of writing, the Early Development of Agriculture in Egypt and Ancient Sumeria saw the development of Arithmetic and the art of writing known as Hieroglyphics that was used by farmers to keep records and determine the season for farming. Lincoln and Vogel, further point out that the art of writing and Arithmetic that was first developed in Africa widely influence the modern art of writing and Arithmetic.

African music is diverse due cultural diversity and ethnicity of the African people. The African music comprises of literally thousands of different styles and rhythms. African music is categorized into The North African music and the Sub- Saharan music. North African music is monophonic and with a simple melodic in its structural composition, while the Sub-Saharan music is multiphonic and often has a complex melodic structure. African Music widely influenced the development of the modern Musical art. It is not precise to pinpoint the inventor of neither the first musical instrument nor the first person to have sung the first music. However, African Culture has widely taken center stage towards the development of the Artistic culture in the modern world, it is therefore without doubt that Africa music has largely influenced the development of the contemporary music.

Africa seems to be relatively large, imposing and a continent whose people are found everywhere. Pop Music and Jazz are believed to have been revived from the black continent of Africa. Right now the world seems to be in the midst of a musical revival. Western musicians are all turning to Africa, either for reaffirmation of the lost or remembering Ethnic Heritage or for a more abstract aspiration from the culturally rich continent. Africa gives does not offer a single, consistent musical style, as a multi-cultural continent with diversity and multi-dialect, Africa has thousands of Music instruments, dances, theater, and vocals.

In the United States, it has always been the black who have naturally pioneered the renewal interest in Africa. Black jazz erupted in the United States as a result of the Black Americans interest to the African jazz music. Stringed instruments of North Africa and Sahrawi instruments such as Xalam are believed to be the ancient ancestors of the modern Banjo and the guitar. Other instruments such as Wazzah, which is a variety of horn, the Riq, which is similar to the modern Tambourine, are believed to be the ancestors of the modern horned instruments. The African ancient musical instruments and music arts has widely influenced the development of modern musical art.

African sculptures first arrived in Europe by the year the 1870s in the aftermath of the scramble and partitioning of Africa, and the massive African expeditions. After a long study of the African sculptures, the western aesthetics of traditional African sculptures become a significant influence on the European artist whose work over a period became pivotal for the development of the modern arts. Some of the notable western artists on whose works African sculptures and artistic paintings greatly influenced are Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, a German expressionist painter, and several artists who went through School of Paris Arts and had since influenced the modern art greatly.

African artwork has over time acquired a great importance on the developmental patterns of the contemporary techniques. In Africa, art is a representation of daily life and the African people are deep rooted in their rich culture and are always conspicuous and appreciated widely as one of the richest and the oldest culture in the world.